The duplicate filter is designed to remove duplicate points based on their
short name (traditionally a waypoint's name on the GPS receiver), and/or
their location (to a precision of 6 decimals). This filter supports two
options that specify how duplicates will be recognized,
Generally, at least one of these options is required.
Example 4.15. Using the duplicate filter to suppress points with the same name and location
This command line removes points that have duplicate short names and duplicate locations. The result would be a gpx file that more than likely contains only unique points and point data.
gpsbabel -i gpx -f 1.gpx -f 2.gpx -x duplicate,location,shortname -o gpx -F merged_with_no_dupes.gpx
Suppress duplicate waypoints based on name.
This option is the one most often used with the duplicate filter. This option instructs the duplicate filter to remove any waypoints that share a short name with a waypoint that has come before. This option might be used to remove duplicates if you are merging two datasets that were each created in part from a common ancestor dataset.
Suppress duplicate waypoint based on coords.
This option causes the duplicate filter to remove any additional waypoint
that has the same coordinates (to six decimal degrees) as a waypoint that
came before. This option may be used to remove duplicate waypoints if the
names are not expected to be the same. It also might be used along with the
shortname option to remove duplicate waypoints if the names
of several unrelated groups of waypoints might be the same.
Suppress all instances of duplicates.
When this option is specified, GPSBabel will remove all instances of a
duplicated waypoint, not just the second and subsequent instances. If
your input file contains waypoints A, B, B, and C, the output file will
contain waypoints A, B, and C without the
or just A and C with the
Example 4.16. Using the duplicate filter to implement an "ignore list."
This option may be used to implement an "ignore list." In the following example, the duplicate filter is used to remove a list of waypoints to be ignored from a larger collection of waypoints:
gpsbabel -i gpx -f waypoints.gpx -i csv -f to_ignore.csv -x duplicate,shortname,all -o gpx -F filtered.gpx
Use coords from duplicate points.
This option is used to change the locations of waypoints without losing any of the other associated information. When this option is specified, the latitude and longitude from later duplicates will replace the latitude and longitude in the original waypoint.
As an example, this option may be used to adjust the locations of "puzzle" geocaches in a Groundspeak pocket query:
Example 4.17. Using the duplicate filter to correct the locations of "puzzle" geocaches
gpsbabel -i gpx -f 43622.gpx -i csv -f corrections.csv -x duplicate,shortname,correct -o gpx -F 43622-corrected.gpx
After this command is run, the waypoints in the output file will have all
of the descriptive information from
waypoints that were also found in
will have their coordinates replaced with the coordinates from that file.